The following list describes some of the common surgeries that we perform. If you need a specific surgery not listed here, please call our office for a consultation at (352) 873-7830.


When using conventional bone plates to heal a long bone fracture in the horse, the fracture is stabilized as outlined below. When you tighten a bone screw (force =F1), it compresses the bone plate against the bone (force = F2) creating friction (force = F3) between the bone plate and the bone. Recognizing that the horse bears weight immediately after surgery, in order for the fracture to heal, the force of friction (F3) between the bone plate and the bone must be greater than the force of weight bearing (force = F4) or the fracture repair will become unstable and fail.


Arthroscopic surgery allows for minimally invasive evaluation and repair of joint and tendon injuries in horses. It is valuable for removing bone chips, OCD lesions and damaged cartilage, and in repairing wounds into joints and tendon sheaths

Surgical procedures and performance evaluations are performed by Dr. John Peloso and Dr. Aric Adams. Both doctors are surgical specialists and are board certified by the American College of Veterinary Surgeons. Along with senior surgery nurse Nina Ubide, the surgery department is supported by surgery nurses Lynn Hilt and Lori Lee. The surgery center is a state-of-the-art facility that consists of a central transfer area connecting two surgery suites to one padded induction and two padded recovery stalls. The surgical facility is also fully equipped and able to handle all aspects of equine surgery. Additionally, standing surgical procedures, such as laparoscopic and reproductive surgeries, are performed in a controlled treatment room. Through advanced training and the provision of specialized equipment, we are able to offer our patients the finest surgical care available.


  • Colic surgery
  • Upper respiratory surgeries
  • Cryptorchid surgery (Rig castration)
  • Laparoscopic surgeries
  • Caesarean section for mares with dystocia
  • Stem cell therapy for damaged tendons, ligaments or joints


Emergency colic surgery is commonly performed to correct a variety of abdominal problems in horses that don’t respond to standard medical treatment. Horses may have severe feed or sand impactions, twisted bowel, enterolithes and many other intestinal problems that require surgery for correction.


  • Tie-back procedure for roarers
  • Tie forward procedure for dorsal displacement of the soft palate
  • Laser surgeries


Cryptorchidism is a common condition in which a male horse has a retained testicle or testicles. During development, either one or both testicles may fail to drop down into the horse’s scrotum. The testicle may be retained in the abdomen or in the space between the abdomen and the scrotum. The testicle is surgically removed either with a standard surgical approach or using a minimally invasive laparoscopic technique.


Laparoscopic surgery allows the surgeon to perform various procedures through smaller incisions while providing for a better view of the surgical field. This decreases postoperative recovery times compared to standard open surgical techniques. Laparoscopy can be used for the following procedures: cryptorchid surgery, ovary removal, tumor removal, hernia repair, bladder surgery, and the diagnosis and treatment of some types of recurrent colic.


A caesarean section (or c-section) is an alternate form of delivering a foal. The mare is placed under general anesthesia and an incision is created through the mare’s abdomen in order to expose the mare’s uterus. A surgical incision is made through the mare’s uterus in order to deliver the foal. It is usually performed when vaginal delivery would put the mare or foal’s life or health at risk.


Dystocia is an abnormal or difficult foaling (labor). It is one of the true emergencies an equine practitioner may encounter. Prompt action increases the probability of survival of the foal and decreases the degree of trauma to the mare’s reproductive tract. To perform a controlled vaginal delivery, the mare is placed under general anesthesia and her hind legs are elevated in the air using a hoist. The delivery is under the complete control of the veterinarian, as the foal is delivered vaginally once all of the limbs and head are positioned properly. At our hospital, controlled vaginal delivery has reduced the need for a caesarean section delivery by 90%.


Transphyseal bridging is used to aid in the correction of angular limb deformities (crooked legs) in young horses.

Equine Medical Center of Ocala offers a premier equine hospital facility and the best team of boarded internists and boarded surgeons in the Southeast United States. EMCO can handle all of your horse healthcare needs and provide you with the best service in the industry. We provide direct service as well as referral service, and we pride ourselves on our relationship with our referring veterinarians.